6 ways of starting a fire
6 unbeatable methods for starting a fire
Chances are you already have enough matches, lighters or any other industrial firestarters. But wether or not you are well equipped, you should never rely only on these ones, as they are not eternal and you could easily run out of them. In this blog post, we will cover 6 primitive methods. By mastering a few of these methods, you add more chances of surviving the outdoors.
Gather ignition material
In order to start of fire, you need a spark or fire source, but you also need the proper material in order to propagate the fire:
1) The bow drill
Make a hole that fit the spindle for drilling and a V-shaped notch in the fireboard where you drill to collect the coal and hot dust that is formed. Move the bow back and forth until it starts smoking. Continue moving the bow quickly for another minute or so until an ember is formed. Use a leaf or bark to transfer the burning ember to your tinder bundle.
Take a piece of clear ice and mold it into a lens with your hands. Hold the lens steady to make the sunlights beam go through it and wait until the tinder start smoking or ignitating. You want the ice ball to be clear like the left one and not cloudy like the right one. If you don’t have ice, use your glasses or a bottle filled with water (or urine)
3) Flint & Steel
Strike down at a 30-degree angle using the steel striker to produce sparks. The spark should land on the char cloth or tinder and begin to smolder. Transfer this ember to your tinder and blow until it catches on fire.
4) Fire Plough
Make a plough with an angled head that fits into a 6 to 8-inch groove on the outside of the fireboard wood. Hold the plough at a 45-degree angle to the base piece of wood and begin moving the plough up and down along the groove quickly until a burning coal is formed. Make a V-notch at the extremity of the fireboard to collect the coal or ember that is formed and use it to ignite your tinder.
5) Rocks & steel
Find a piece of quartz with sharp edges. Using a carbon steel knife, strike the sharp edges of quartz at a 30-degree angle to produce sparks. Hold a small piece of tinder on top of the rock as you hit it so it will catch a spark and catch on fire. If you cannot find quartz, then look for a similar hard-to-break, smooth rock that breaks with sharp edges and facets. Try different types of stones until you find one that sparks.
6) Steel wool & battery
Although this method is not primitive in any way, it still falls under the “plan B” category. If you have batteries and steel wool at home, then it does not hurt bringing some with you.